few facts about India, Mars and The Mangalyaan!

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India’s Mars Orbiter Mission has successfully been deployed in the Martian orbit, making India only the 4th country in the world to have a successful mission to Mars in its name. Here are a few facts you must know about India, Mars and The Mangalyaan.

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• India is the FIRST ASIAN COUNTRY and the fourth country (after the Soviet Union, United States and Europe) in the world to have a spacecraft in the Martian orbit.

• India is the FIRST country in the world to send a spacecraft to Mars on its very FIRST attempt.

• India’s Mars mission – the Mars Orbiter Mission – or as informally known: Mangalyaan – is built with a cost of Rs. 454 crores (that is around Rs.4 per Indian, Rs. 12 per km). PM Narendra Modi applauding Indian scientists had said,”Hollywood movie Gravity costs more than our space mission”. It is the cheapest Mars mission, ever!

• Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) becomes the fourth space agency to reach Mars after Roscosmos, NASA and ESA.

• The project was approved by the government of India on 3 August 2012 and costs Rs. 450 crores.

• According to NASA, Out of the 51 missions to the red planet by different countries, only 21 went successful till now.

• The distance between Earth and Mars is about 140 million miles (73,391+ trips from Jammu to Kanyakumari with an additional 1001km of travel). Hence, the cost of the Mangalyaan’s journey is about Rs. 6.61 per kilometre or Rs. 4 per Indian. (Less than the fare of an auto-rickshaw).

• The Mars Orbiter Mission was developed and deployed in just 15 months.

• It takes 14 minutes for a signal from Mangalyaan to reach Earth, as compared to 1 second to call from one place on the earth to any other place on it.
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• NASA tweeted, “We congratulate @ISRO for its Mars arrival! @MarsOrbiter joins the missions studying the Red Planet.”

• MOM has an on-orbit mission life of 6-10 months.

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